The Griqua’s played an important part in various areas of South Africa within the Cape Colony and beyond its northern frontier during the second half of the seventeenth, eighteen century till today. Testimony to the Griqua presence is the fact that extensive district were for a considerable period in colonial and post - colonial history known as Piquetberg, Griqualand -West, Namakwaland, Free-State and Griqualand East.
To emerge in the written history and verbal tradition from Adam Kok I who lived from approximately 1710 to 1795. He was a distinguished leader and reign by the Kok son’s like Cornelius Kok I, Cornelius Kok II, Adam Kok II, Abraham Kok, Adam Kok III,Dirk Kok, Adam Eta Kok,Adam “Muis Kok and Adam Kok VI.
He was kept in the castle (refer to : Kok Dynasty) hence the surname Kok probability a cook who deserted from the Dutch. This period is characterised by forays into the interior by bastard(called coloureds) and other non-white inhabitants during a period when their rights to land and livestock were being eroded in the Cape Colony. They were also conscripted to serve in the commandos established by the Government.(the Cape Corps in 1795.) During the seventeenth century Adam Kok I and his followers were to become the dominant inhabitants of the Orange river frontier zone.
After his emancipation,Adam Kok I moved to the area immediate north of Piquetberg, around 1751 where he acquired grazing rights to a farm, Stinkfontein.He was accomplished by a number of Khoi khoi and Sanqua descendants (Hottentots) namely Goringhaiqua, Namaqua and Bastard.He had married also the Xarixuriqua Chief daughter. He also initiated a longstanding relationship between himself,his successors and the Administrators of the Cape Colony and in the process attracted either official support and sanctions.The Cape authorities was force to recognize him as the Khoi leader and presented a staff of office as symbol of his authority.From this time he assume the title Kapityn.
A further resettlement initiative was undertaken activated when he sent his son, Cornelius Kok I, to explore the area along the Orange River, in the process to established grazing lands.This how they moved north over the Kammiesberge and resided at Pella.